For the past two weeks, we had learnt even more explicitly on how to identify SVA and RP questions from the Grammar section. You should have notes written in your ELJ. However, I will be giving you the detailed explanation here in this blog post again, just in case what’s written in your ELJ isn’t clear enough. Remember, it IS possible to score full marks for your Grammar MCQ.
To identify whether a question is of type SVA or type RP, do remember to go through these steps:
1. Look at the options FIRST.
2. If the options consist of the SAME word of DIFFERENT forms e.g. walk, walked, walks, walking, then the question is of type SVA
3. If the question is an SVA one, then pupils need to recall the 3 rules immediately
- Rule 1: 1 sss many mmmm
- Rule 2: after modals, no ‘s’, no ‘ed’, no ‘ing (unless special condition is applied)
- Rule 3: look out for time phrase(s) and verb(s) to determine if question is in the past, present or future tense
- Rule 2 is applied first. If Rule 2 can be applied, then circle the modal, recall the rule and eliminate Rule 1 and Rule 3. Otherwise, apply Rule 3 then Rule 1.
4. If the options consist of relative pronouns such as who, whom, whose, which, where, then the question is of type RP.
5. If the question is an RP one, look at the blank and circle the words to its left and right and annotate if they are person (stickman), animals (A), things (T) or place (P).
Answers can be found immediately with ease if you were to apply such processes. Make your thinking visible. Annotate.
PS: There are other types of Grammar questions too but these normally do not require much annotation e.g. phrasal verbs, prepositions, conjunctions. Rather, the questions will require you to read and understand them.